American Literature EE 51
Spragins
Fall 2015

In 1931, a popular historian named James Truslow Adams published a one-volume history of the United States called The Epic of America. In the epilogue he coined the term “the American dream,” which he defined as "a dream of a social order in which each man and each woman shall be able to attain to the fullest stature of which they are innately capable, and be recognized by others for what they are, regardless of the fortuitous circumstances of birth or position." This dream, he wrote, “has been realized more fully in actual life here than anywhere else, though very imperfectly even among ourselves.”  -- Nicholas Lemann




1st Period: Even Days, Drop Down Day 5
 


Room GC 202
Office Hours 2:15-3:30 p.m. (daily)
jspragins@gilman.edu
 
(410) 337-9060



 
The arriual of the Englishmen in Virginia
Debry Woodcut (1590) (Description)
The New World

 
The Tempest (1611) by William Shakespeare


 

The Autobiography of Ben Franklin (1771-90)




 

The American Renaissance:
Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Poe, Whitman, and Dickinson

 




The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1876-83) by MarkTwain


Month

Day

  Cycle Day

 Day

Assignment

 

09/      

02

Day 0

Wed.

 Mini-Schedule



 


Course Description
Course Texts
 

Homework:






09/

03

Day 1

Thurs.

Long Assembly
09/04Day 2Fri.



Grammar Pre-test 

Gilman School Computer Network Resources:

  • Googledocs

Summer Reading Speech 


Discussion: Essay Process

Homework:






09/

07

Day 0 

Mon.

 LABOR DAY






09/

08

Day 3

Tues.







09/ 09 Day 4 Wed.








Spain's New World Empire, 1600

Portrait of Self as a Writer (Semester Goals) due at 3:30 pm

Complete Grammar Pre-test
Vocabulary Unit One

First Encounters in the New World (Powerpoint) 

PARAGRAPH: Columbus' first reaction to his encounter with the natives of Hispaniola.

The English sought to do something entirely different. The Spanish were their enemies. They dreamed of setting those enslaved by the Spanish free and living with them.

from Terence Malik's The New World (2005)

Essay on The Tempest due Thursday, October 15th at 3:30 pm

Homework:






09/10Day 5
Thurs.GILMAN PARENTS NIGHT




4th Period Bump



 
The arrival of the Englishmen in Virginia



The New World:


Francis Drake's circumnavigation of the the globe  in 1578
(via Google Earth

in his ship The Golden Hind.

09/

11

Day 6

Fri.






Sir Walter Raleigh (1554-1618)


Sir Francis Drake (1540-1596)

Vocabulary Exercise, Unit One pp. 24-25 Completing the Sentence; "Remuneration!"

Discussion of  "Dreams of Liberation" chapter one of American Slavery... American Freedom (1975) Edmund Morgan; Study Guide 

Quiz on Morgan (closed book on paper)

Paragraph: "What if....."

Homework:

09/14Day 0Mon.ROSH HASHANAH

09/

15

Day 7

Tues.


09/16Day 8Wed..



Watercolor drawing "Indians Fishing"
by John White (created 1585-1586).
What was the Chesaeake Bay like in 1585?

Vocabulary Exercise 

Discussion:“The Lost Colony," (Writewell Version) chapter two of American Slavery...American Freedom (1975) Edmund Morgan; Study Guide (Writewell Version) (Quiz)

Paragraph: What doomed the Roanoke Colony and with it a vision of English liberty which included both Blacks and Native Americans?

Homework:

  • excerpts from Montaigne: "On Cannibals"   (first published in England in 1603, translated by John Florio) (Study Guide) (answers)

For Further Reading:






09/

17

Day 9

Thurs.


09/18Day 10Fri.



John White's Map of the Outer Banks
of North Carolina (1584)
excerpts from Montaigne: "On Cannibals"   (first published in England in 1603, translated by John Florio) (Study Guide) (answers)
  • How does Montaigne define "barbarism" and "wild"?
  • "We all call barbarous anything that is contrary to our own habits. Indeed we seem to have no other criterion of truth and reason than the type and kind of opinions and customs current in the land where we live. There we always see the perfect religion, the perfect political system, the perfect and most accomplished way of doing everything."
  • "They are savages at the same rate that we say fruit are wild which nature produces of herself and by her own ordinary progress; whereas in truth, we ought rather to call those wild, whose natures we have changed by our artifice, and diverted from the common order...."
  • What, then, according to Montaigne, allows societies of the New World to surpass the Golden Age? Why?
  • Why do these natives engage in cannibalism? Why does he consider this form of cruelty less harsh than the punishments practiced in 'civilized' Europe?
  • Montaigne writes of the Brazilians: "I find (as far as I have been informed), there is nothing in that nation that is either barbarous or savage, unless men call that barbarism which is not common to them." On what basis does Montaigne come to this conclusion about these people, of whose common practices — cannibalism — had for centuries been for Western Europeans the very definition of barbarism and savagery?
  • Compare the qualities that Montaigne finds admirable in the Brazilians with those that Barlowe describes in the Virginians (8, 1.935–38) and with those that, according to Ovid  (Metamorphoses Book 1.704–05), characterized the inhabitants of the Golden Age.

Paragraph: What is Montaigne right about? Or is he too being sucked into the utopian vision of America?

Homework:

Roanoke Reports: 


In 1585 John White sailed to America with the Roanoke colonists and then spent thirteen months living with the Arawak tribe that lived in the rea where the English tried to launch their multi-racial colony. Choose one of the paintings and write a brief report about your impressions of his or her life.  Go ahead and be creative. But do the following first:
  • Carefully observe a White watercolor;
  • Compare the picture with its  narrative description (written by Thomas Hariot, who also lived in the Roanoke colony). 
  • Take a look as well at the DeBrys woodcut made to help promote colonization in Virginia.(DeBrys had never been to the New World)
  • Read the detailed annotations linked to the picture. 
  • Write a creative report about your impressions of this person's life. (Use the 1st person if you like.)

For further reading:.

09/

21

Day 1

Mon.


09/22Day 2Tues.


Shakespeare. The Chandos Portrait

Roanoke Reports due by 3:30 p.m.: 

The True Pictures and Fashions of the People in That Parte of America Now Called Virginia (1585) (from Virtual Jamestown

  • What purpose do these texts and images serve?
  • What preconceptions did the English bring to bear on their understanding of the natives?
  • What are the Indians really up to?
  • Summary of Roanoke Experiment

 Why We Study Shakespeare:
Homework:

For further reading:

09/

23

Day 0

Wed.

 YOM KIPPUR

09/24Day 3Thurs.
09/
25
Day 4
Fri.




In 1609, the ship Sea Venture wrecked near the Bermudas on its way to Jamestown. Hear more about its possible link to The Tempest in this excerpt from the Shakespeare in American Life radio documentary.




Background Notes to Shakespeare's The Tempest (1611)

Essay on The Tempest due Thursday, October 15th at 3:30 pm

Discussion: 

Homework:

Character Report (Powerpoint Presentations) on Prospero, Miranda, Ariel, Sycorax, Caliban, or Ferdinand


09/

28

Day 5

Mon.

 




Full Fathom Five (detail)
by Jackson Pollack (1947)


Full Fathom Five by Jackson Pollack (1947)
09/29Day 6Tues.





Background Notes to Shakespeare's The Tempest (1611) 

Essay on The Tempest due Thursday, October 15th at 3:30 pm

Character Reports on Prospero, Miranda, Ariel, Sycorax, Caliban, and Ferdinand (due by 3:30 p.m.)

  • Choose your favorite character so far:
  • Study speeches by (ar about) your character from Act I scene 2
  • Imagine a brief biography for your character.
  • Find imagery on the internet to illustrate your story.

Discussion: Prospero's Rage (and its cure?)


Paragraphs:
  • Describe Prospero's state of mind at the outset of the action. From what past experiences in Prospero's life has the tempest sprung?
  • How does the imagery of Ariel's Song relate to Prospero's revenge?

Homework:


09/

30

Day 7

Wed.


10/

01

Day 8

Thurs.





Poole, Paul Falconer. Scene

from "The Tempest" (1856)


Essay on The Tempest due Thursday, October 15th at 3:30 pm

Paragraphs:
  • How might the original English model of colonization, if it had been successfully implemented, have changed American history? How did this Utopian model go awry?
  • Describe Prospero's state of mind at the outset of the action. From what past experiences in Prospero's life has the tempest sprung?
  • How does the imagery of Ariel's Song relate to Prospero's revenge?

The Tempest (Act I, scene ii) "Prospero’s Cell", Prospero, Miranda, Ariel, Sycorax, Caliban, Ferdinand

The Tempest,  Act II, scene i "What's Past is Prologue"; (Quiz) Study Guide

10/

02

Day 9

Fri.


10/05Day 10Mon.



Stephano and the Beast


Trinculo Vented

Act II, scene ii: "O brave monster!"  (Effects) (Taymor 33:19)
  • First Encounter (II ii 15-35) between Trinculo and Caliban
  • First Encounter (II ii 52-70) between Stephano and 'the Two Headed Monster'
  • Trinculo is born (II ii 75-90) from the beast after it is fed the magic elixir. .
  • Caliban's Song (II ii 155-163) (Des McAnuff version)
  • Paragraph:  How does this comic scene relate thematically to the central ideas of the play as a whole?

Homework:

10/

06

Day 1

Tues.


10/

07

Day 2

Wed.





Portrait of Machiavelli (1500)


Ferdinand and Miranda


Spirits


Stephano, Trinculo and Caliban Beset by Spirits


Essay on The Tempest due Thursday, October 15th at 3:30 pm

The Tempest 

Act III Scene i: Admired Miranda! (Video: Taymor 46:22)
Act III, scene ii: When Prospero is destroyed; (Video: Taymor 1:00:40); Study Guide (Quiz
  • What is significant about the fact that Miranda proposes to Ferdinand?
  • Anything worry you about the perfection of Miranda and Ferdinand's budding relationship?
  • Is there any difference between Antonio's plot and Caliban's? What is the way of the world according to Machiavelli?
  • Consider Caliban's great speech describing the wonders of Prospero's island. Would he have been better off never meeting the Europeans and learning how to speak? (See Taymor 1:07:20)

vertu- instead of defining virtue according to Christian values, Machiavelli defined vertu as the ingenuity which combines with fortune to lead to success.

Paragraph: Can you propose a solution to Prospero's dilemma?

  1. Antonio (Machiavelli's bleak vision of human nature) Can you devise a government which will contain the ruthless ambition of immoral people? (Must Prospero turn himself into Machiavelli's Prince?)
  2. Caliban (Colonialism) Must the interaction between modern and undeveloped cultures be one way? (Should Caliban have been taught how to speak?)
  3. Miranda (Patriarchy) How can a parent protect a child from the dangers of the real world? (Should Prospero intervene in the budding relationship between Miranda and Ferdinand-- as he did earlier between Miranda and Caliban? If so, how?)
  4. Ariel (Power) (Is there really any magic which exists to help Prospero with these dilemmas?)

Homework:

10/

08

Day 3

Thurs.


10/ 09

Day 4

Fri.

 





Ariel as Harpy


Costume design for A Star from

"Oberon the Faery Prince" (1611)


Essay on The Tempest due Thursday, October 15th at 3:30 pm

Quiz on Reading Assignment

Act III, scene iii: The Deep and Dreadful Name of Prosper  (Effects) (Video: Taymor 1:18:24)

  • Have you ever had a dream which flipped suddenly from wish fulfillment to nightmare? When does this scene change? Why does Shakespeare construct this climactic scene in this way? (Taymor 1:10:26)
  • What does Ariel actually do to Alonso, Antonio and Sebastian? Can you imagine a worse punishment? What kind of vengeance has Prospero chosen to take? (Could such a punishment be meted out to a prisoner today?)

Act IV, scene i: The Masque: A Most Majestic Vision  Study Guide  (Video: Taymor 1:16:30)

  • How has Ferdinand passed Prospero's test?
  • Use your imagination and conjure up a suitable spectacle to celebrate such a moment. What spirits would you summon to the scene? (Masque Powerpoint)
  • What causes the celebration to suddenly evaporate? 
  • Even though Prospero and Ariel can easily deal with the plot, what un-resolvable philosophical problem does the rebellion present?
  • How do you interepret Prospero's Great Speech: "Our revels now are ended..."
  • Do you agree with Prospero's final condemnation of Caliban?
  • How does he punish him?

Homework: 

10/

12

Day 5

Mon.

4th Period



Caliban's Dream Redon (1895)

Essay on The Tempest due Thursday, October 15th at 3:30 pm
Work on Rough Draft for Essay on The Tempest due Thursday, October 15th at 3:30 pm

10/

13

Day 6 

Tues.





Slavery in Jamestown (1619)


Miranda and Prospero on the Beach


Essay on The Tempest due Thursday, October 15th at 3:30 pm

Act V, scene i: O brave new world!; Epilogue
Answer Study Guide Questions and Prepare Vocabulary (Quiz) (Tempest Spot Passages)

Homework:






10/

14

Day 7

Wed.



10/15Day 8Thurs.



The Daughter of Niger from The Masque of Blackness
(1606) by Ben Johnson and Inigo Jones


Essay on The Tempest due Thursday, October 15th at 3:30 pm

Essay Workshop: 


Tempest Review:
  • How might the original English model of colonization, if it had been successfully implemented, have changed American history? How did this Utopian model go wrong?
  • Describe Prospero's state of mind at the outset of the action. From what past experiences in Prospero's life has the tempest sprung?
  • Paragraph: Can you propose a solution to Prospero's dilemma? How does the imagery of Ariel's Song relate to Prospero's revenge?
  • Antonio (Machiavelli's bleak vision of human nature) Can you devise a government which will contain the ruthless ambition of immoral people? (Must Prospero turn himself into Machiavelli's Prince?)
  • Caliban (Colonialism) Must the interaction between modern and undeveloped cultures be one way? (Should Caliban have been taught how to speak?)
  • Miranda (Patriarchy) How can a parent protect a child from the dangers of the real world? (Should Prospero intervene in the budding relationship between Miranda and Ferdinand-- as he did earlier between Miranda and Caliban? If so, how?)
  • Ariel (Power) (Is there really any magic which exists to help Prospero with these dilemmas?)

Homework: 

No Homework

10/

16

Day 9

Fri.


10/19Day 10Mon.

Benjamin Franklin (1706- 1790)


Colonial America  1754

Essay Workshop: 

Backgrounds: The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Deism: The Enlightenment Dream: from Carl Becker, The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth Century Philosophers (1932)

  • Man is not born in a sinful, depraved state. 
  • The end of life is life itself: the good life on earth, not life after death in heaven.
  • Man is capable, guided solely by the light of reason and experience, of perfecting life on earth.
  • To accomplish this great goal, we must free our minds from the bonds of ignorance and superstition and our bodies from the oppression of corrupt social authorities. 

For further study:






10/

20

Day 1           

Tues.


10/

21

Day 2 

Wed.





Copley, John Singleton

Paul Revere
c. 1768-70 
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston


The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin (1770-90)  (introduction)

18th c. American Art (Powerpoint)

Homework: Creative Writing Assignment:

  • Choose one of the paintings by Copley or West and make up a story about the characters in it. (Read the background materials to find ideas.) 
OR...
  • Imagine you are present at one of Franklin's scientific experiments and write a story about it:
  • 1609 Benjamin Franklin's experiments in thermal radiation
  • 510 Ben Franklin, electricity, and revolution
  • 2192 Benjamin Franklin stirs up the new technology of flight
10/

22

Day 3

Thurs.


10/23Day 4Fri.


 
Samuel Adams (1772)  John Singleton Copley


The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin (1770-90)  (introduction) (Franklin Biography) (Wikipedia)

The Enlightenment of the 18th Century (Julius Outline, Notes

All ideas come from sensation or reflection. Let us then suppose the mind to be, as we say, white paper, void of all characters, without any ideas:- How comes it to be furnished? Whence comes it by that vast store which the busy and boundless fancy of man has painted on it with an almost endless variety? Whence has it all the materials of reason and knowledge?  To this I answer, in one word, from EXPERIENCE. John Locke,  An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690)

Essay on Franklin due Monday, November 9th at 3:30 pm

Homework:

For Further Reading:






10/

26

Day 5

Mon.








The Printing Press from Diderot's Encyclopedie

Essay on Franklin due Wednesday, November 11th at 3:30 pm

Franklin Essay Questions

Autobiography, part one (1771)


Epigram- a pithy saying or remark expressing an idea in a clever and amusing way.


Franklin Epigrams from "Poor Richard's Almanack"


Extra Credit Writing Exercise: 

Write a letter to the editor of your school newspaper on a controversial topic, but instead of revealing yourself as the author, adopt the persona of someone who completely disagrees with your position. 
  • Use modest rhetoric.
  • Use some words from today's vocab list.
  • Use an anecdote to spice your argument.
  • Summarize your message with a moral epigram.
  • Argue this person's case in such a ridiculous manner that you wind up defending your own opinion. 
  • Franklin's Model Writing Style

Homework: 






10/

27

Day 6

Tues.




William Penn's plan for the City of Philadelphia (1683)

Essay on Franklin due Wednesday, November 11th at 3:30 pm

Franklin Essay Questions

Autobiography, part one (1771)  "Childhood and Apprenticeship" (Notes) (pp.45-75) Study Guide One; Vocabulary List One; Quiz 1; Lecture Notes One

  • set in Boston, Philadelphia, and London from 1706-1730
  • written in 1770  
  • Introduction: Tabula Rasa, Modesty and the American Dream
  • Parents and Education
    • Legacy of 'franklins' and youngest sons
    • Anecdotes, Epigrams and Dinner Conversations
    • The Art of the Deal
    • Teaching Himself Reading, Writing, and Public Speaking
  • Errata
    • Breaking Apprenticeship with Brother


Franklin's Model Writing Style

  • Franklin Epigrams from "Poor Richard's Almanack" (Epigram- a pithy saying or remark expressing an idea in a clever and amusing way.)

Homework: 






10/

28

Day 7

Wed.


10/29Day 8Thurs.

 from Hogarth's A Harlot's Progress (1731)

(Hogarth at Smarthistory)


"The Rake at the Rose Tavern"
from The Rake's Progress,
William Hogarth 1735

Essay on Franklin due Wednesday, November 11th at 3:30 pm

Key Precepts of Good Writing

Autobiography, part one Philadelphia and London (pp.76-106) (Notes) Study Guide Two; Vocab List TwoQuiz 2; Lecture Notes Two

Franklin Essay Questions 

  • Introduction: Tabula Rasa, Modesty and the American Dream
  • Parents and Education
    • Anecdotes and Dinner Conversations
    • The Art of the Deal
    • Teaching Himself Reading, Writing, and Public Speaking
  • Errata or "The Rake's Progress"
    • Breaking Apprenticeship with Brother
    • Handling Money and Debt
    • Judgment of Friends' Characters
    • Treatment of Women

PARAGRAPH: What mistakes does Franklin make over and over again as a young person?

Homework: 


For further reading:
10/
30
Day 9
Fri.
1/2 DAY CLASSES
11/02Day 0Mon.PROFESSIONAL DAY
11/

03

Day 10

Tues.





Philadelphia 18th c.Townhouses

Nicholas Boylston (1767) John Singleton Copley

Philadelphia Statehouse


Port of Philadelphia 1752


Essay on Franklin due Wednesday, November 11th at 3:30 pm

Franklin Essay Questions

Autobiography, part one Philadelphia and London (pp.76-106) Study Guide Two; Vocab List Two; Quiz 3Lecture Notes Two
  • Introduction: Tabula Rasa, Modesty and the American Dream
  • Parents and Education
    • Anecdotes and Dinner Conversations
    • The Art of the Deal
    • Teaching Himself Reading, Writing, and Public Speaking
  • Errata or "The Rake's Progress"
    • Breaking Apprenticeship with Brother
    • Handling Money and Debt
    • Judgment of Character
    • Treatment of Women
  • Reaching Maturity in London
    • 'Friendship' with Ralph the Poet
    • The Beer Fund at Watts' Printing House
    • Lodging in Duke Street
    • Swimming Lessons
    • Mr. Denham on Debt
    • Mr. Denham's Secretary

PARAGRAPH: 

  • Even though Franklin did not make much money in London, what great lessons did he learn there? What plan did he draw up on his voyage home?

Homework:

Essay on Franklin due Wednesday, November 11th at 3:30 pm

Extra Credit Writing Exercises:


11/04Day 1Wed.





11/

05

Day 2 

Thurs.





Philadelphia Independence Hall


The Pennsylvania Gazette January 2, 1750





Essay on Franklin due Wednesday, November 11th at 3:30 pm

Autobiography, part one The Pennsylvania Gazette (pp. 106-131)  (NotesStudy Guide Three; Vocab List Three; Quiz 3; Lecture Notes Three

Franklin Essay Questions

  • Introduction: Tabula Rasa, Modesty and the American Dream
  • Parents and Education
    • Anecdotes and Dinner Conversations
    • The Art of the Deal
    • Teaching Himself Reading, Writing, and Public Speaking
  • Errata
    • Breaking Apprenticeship with Brother
    • Handling Money and Debt
    • Judgment of Character
    • Treatment of Women
  • Reaching Maturity in London
    • 'Friendship' with Ralph the Poet
    • The Beer Fund at Watts' Printing House
    • Lodging in Duke Street
    • Swimming Lessons
    • Mr. Denham on Debt
    • Mr. Denham's Secretary
  • The Pennsylvania Gazette

Paragraphs on Franklin's Return to Philadelphia

Dissenting Interpretations of Franklin's Autobiography:

Homework:

For further reading:

11/

06

Day 3

Fri.

 





11/

09

Day 4

Mon.





Benjamin Franklin


D.H. Lawrence (1885-1930)


John Rawls (1921-2002)



Autobiography, part two The Science of Virtue (pp.141-160) (1784) (Notes) Study Guide Four (Chart One, Chart Two); (Quiz 4);  Lecture Notes Four

A Rebuttal to Franklin's Utilitarianism: 

Franklin Essay Questions

  • Introduction: Tabula Rasa, Modesty and the American Dream
  • Parents and Education
    • Anecdotes and Dinner Conversations
    • The Art of the Deal
    • Teaching Himself Reading, Writing, and Public Speaking
  • Errata
    • Breaking Apprenticeship with Brother
    • Handling Money and Debt
    • Judgment of Character
    • Treatment of Women
  • Reaching Maturity in London
    • 'Friendship' with Ralph the Poet
    • The Beer Fund at Watts' Printing House
    • Lodging in Duke Street
    • Swimming Lessons
    • Mr. Denham on Debt
    • Mr. Denham's Secretary
  • The Pennsylvania Gazette
  • Conclusion

Review:

Homework:

 






11/10Day 5Tues.
Peer Review Frnaklin Essays





11/ 11
Day 6
Wed.



John Gast,  Manifest Destiny (1872)


1803 Map


Thomas Cole, Scene from the Last
of the Mohicans (1827)


Essay on Franklin due Wednesday, November 11th at 3:30 pm

Compare Copley and Bierstadt: What new vision of America was emerging in the early 19th century?

The Philosophical Basis of Manifest Destiny:

Homework:


Cole, Thomas
, Falls of Kaaterskill (1826)






11/

12

Day 7

Thurs.


11/
13
Day 8
Fri.


Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)


Durand, Kindred Spirits (1849)

Journal Entry #1 (Natalie Goldberg's Rules) (prompt) (prompt2
Journal Entry #2: (Natalie Goldberg's Rulesprompt (Goldberg 10-11)

Backgrounds to Transcendentalism and the American Renaissance:

Homework:

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)


for further reading:

Thomas Cole, The Oxbow (The Connecticut River
near Northampton)
(1832) 
11/16Day 9 Mon.





11/17Day 10
Tues.




Durand, Kindred Spirits (1849)

 

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

Transcendentalism: from Emerson: On Intuition in "Self-Reliance" (1841) (notes

Romantic Poetry:


Journal Entry #3: (prompt 1) (Goldberg 145) (prompt 2) (Goldberg 166) 

Homework:

Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) 





11/

18

Day 1

Wed.

 






11/

19

Day 2

Thurs.






Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)


Thoreau, "Where I Lived and What I Lived For" from Walden or Life in the Woods (1854) (quiz


Discussion: Thoreau's Purpose and Method 

Journal Entry #4:  (prompt 1) (prompt 2) (Goldberg 47

Homework:


For further reading:


Walden Pond from Pine Hill






11/
20
Day 3
Fri.

11/23Day 4Mon.






Annie Dillard (1945-)



Creative Writing Project Due: Monday, December 14th at 3:30 pm

Annie Dillard, "Heaven and Earth in Jest" from Pilgrim at Tinker Creek (1974) (Dillard Discussion) (Quiz)

"The heaven and the earth and all in between, 
thinkest thou I made them in jest?" (The Koran)

Journal Entry #5  (prompt 3) (prompt 1)

Homework:

For Further Reading:

11/

24

Day 5

Tues.

 


11/
25
Day 0
Wed.
THANKSGIVING BREAK
11/

30

Day 6

Mon.




Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)




Creative Writing Project Due: Monday, December 14th at 3:30 pm

Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864):

Blake "The Sick Rose" (1789) (image)
Keats, "On the Vale of Soul-Making" (1819)
Wordsworth,"We Are Seven" (1789)

Creative Writing Option Two: Hawthorne Stylistic Imitation Symbol

Rorschach Test

Homework:


12/

01

Day 7

Tues.

 






12/
02
Day 8
Wed.





Truman Capote (1924-84) reading
"A Christmas Memory"



Creative Writing Project Due: Monday, December 14th at 3:30 pm

"A Christmas Memory" (1956) by Truman Capote (1924-84)


Homework:






12/

03

Day 9

Thurs.

 

12/04Day 10Fri.


poe.jpg
Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849)

 goya_sleep_of_reason.jpg
Goya, The sleep of reason produces monsters 1797



Edgar Allan Poe, "The Black Cat" (1843) (Quiz)
Homework:

dore_terraces.jpg
Dore  "The Terraces" from London  (1860)

Creative Writing Project Due: Monday, December 14th at 3:30 pm

Workshopping Writing







12/

07

Day 1

Mon.

 

12/08Day 2Tues.




Walt Whitman (1819-1892)

Walt Whitman Archive


Creative Writing Project Due: Monday, December 14th at 3:30 pm

Conventional 19th Century Poetry:

Walt Whitman,  from "Song of Myself" (1855)  (In depth biography)

Discussion:

  • Call out images that you remember from the poem.
  • Describe the perspective from which the poem is written (space and time).
  • To whom is the poem addressed?
  • Take a shot at explaining Whitman's purpose.

Homework:






12/

09

Day 3

Wed.


12/10Day 4Thurs.

Emily Dickinson (1830-1886)

Emily Dickinson Archive
Emily Dickinson Electronic Archives
Creative Writing Project Due: Monday, December 14th at 3:30 pm

Emily Dickinson (1830-1886): Selected Poems  (Dickinson Notes) More poems by Dickinson

Homework:

Creative Writing Six: Dickinson Poetry Imitation

For further reading;

12/

11

Day 5 

Fri.


 

 


Durand, Kindred Spirits (1849)

 


Creative Writing Project: Evaluation

Creative Writing Option One: Thoreau Journal 
Creative Writing Option Two: Hawthorne Stylistic Imitation  
Creative Writing Option Three: Capote and Family Memory 
Creative Writing Option Four: Poe Creative Writing
Creative Writing Option Five: Whitman-esque Song of Myself (poem1) (poem2)
Creative Writing Option Six: Dickinson Poetry Imitation

Creative Writing Workshop One
Creative Writing Workshop Two

Homework: Creative Writing Project Due: Monday, December 14th at 3:30 pm






12/ 14Day 6Mon.


Huckleberry Finn


Jim (E.W. Kemble's 1885 illustration)
Creative Writing Project Due at 3:30 p.m.

Samuel Langhorne Clemens
(1835-1910) (Chronology)

Does Twain get it right?

Homework:

for further reading:  


Jim (Barry Moser's 1985 illustration)
12/15Day 7Tues.





12/

16

Day 8

Wed.






Hannibal, Missouri (1841)


Samuel Clemens at age 13


Slave vs. Free States in 1860


Mid-Year Exam 2015-16 

Reading Twain: Compare to "reading" a Winslow Homer painting


Winslow Homer, "Veteran in a New Field" (1865)


Winslow Homer, "Breezing Up" (1876)


Homer, "The Lifeline" (1884)


Homer, Winslow
Dressing for the Carnival (1877)

Samuel Langhorne Clemens (1835-1910):

Section 1: Huck's Situation: Chapters One to Eight, pp. 13- 63  (On- Line Edition) (Quiz)

  • 'sivilising Huck
  • Tom's Gang
  • Huck's Ghosts

Homework:






12/ 

17

Day 9       

Thurs.







12/

18

Day 10

Fri.

1/2 Day Classes



Samuel Langhorne Clemens (1835-1910)


Mid-Year Exam 2015-16  (Exam Schedule

Section 1: Huck's Situation: Chapters One to Eight, pp. 13- 63  (On- Line Edition)

  • 'sivilising Huck
  • Tom's Gang
  • Huck's Ghosts

Homework:
12/19Day 0Winter Break
01/04Day 1Mon.
01/05Day 2Tues.








Mid-Year Exam 2015-16  (Exam Schedule


Slave vs. Free States in 1860

Section 1: Huck's Situation:
  • What has 'being sivilised' by the Widow Douglas and Miss Watson been like?
  • Scratch beneath the surface of Huck's gruff exterior and what do we find? 
  • What ghosts haunt Huck?
  • What's it like being part of 'Tom Sawyer's Gang'?
  • What kind of relationship does Huck have with Jim at the beginning of the action?
  • YET, Huck goes to Jim for help: the hair ball story (29)
  • Pap: (Twain's representation of the adult world, ie America)

Section 2: America's Situation:
America in 1876 (allegory):  (Notes on Slavery)  (Quiz)


Life With Pap: How does Pap represent the problem with America in 1876?

  • first mention of Pap: Huck jokes about the drowned man (24)
  • a heel print in the snow with a cross on it (27-28) (Huck's first reaction to seeing it?)
  • first description of Pap; Why does Pap want Huck back? (31)
  • What can be done to protect Huck from him? (33) (anything in Tom's books? Miss Watson's book? Judge Thatcher's law books?) 
  • What comes of Pap's attempt to get off the jug? (33-34)
  • What does Pap do when the Widow takes out a restraining order against him? What can be done about people like him?
  • The nightmare: life with Pap (the saddest thing: what does Huck think of it? What doesn't he realize?)
  • What does Huck plan to do with himself once he has escaped? (38-39)
  • Pap on the nigger and the guv'ment (39) (What is the link between poverty and racism?)
  • the D.T.'s (41)

Huck's Escape: What role does 'the Big River' play in Huckleberry Finn and in American history?


Homework:

 

 

 

 


01/

06

Day 3

Wed.







01/

07

Day 4

Thurs.

 




Mid-Year Exam 2015-16  (Exam Schedule
Huck and Jim: Chapters Nine to Sixteen, pp. 64- 116 (Googledocs )

Outline:

  • What is Huck's Situation at the beginning of the action?
  • What is the relation between Huck's situation and America's situation in 1876?
  • The Action: What does Huck need? What psychological obstacles stand in his way? How can they be overcome?
  • What role does 'the Big River' play in Huckleberry Finn and in American history?
  • Huck and Jim on Jackson Island: How does Twain present the beginning of Huck's transformation?
  • Huck and Jim on the Big River
  • The Fog: To Cairo and Beyond: What obstacle prevents Huck and Jim from coming together?

Huck's Escape: What role does 'the river' play in Huckleberry Finn and in American history?

  • The River's 'June rise' (43)
  • Huck stages his own murder (45-46)
  • The River and Freedom (Voices on the River) (Pap Swings By) (46-47)
  • The River Search for Huck's 'remainders') (50) (cannon blasts and quicksilver)
  • Huck glimpses his mourners on the boat as it floats by:  'Pap, and Judge Thatcher, and Bessie Thatcher, and Jo Harper, and Tom Sawyer, and his old Aunt Polly, and Sid and Mary, and plenty more' (52).

Jim and Huck on Jackson's Island (Twain's use of the uncanny to represent psychological states. See Freud on "The Uncanny".)

Jim and Huck on the Big River

  • Life on the River (75): Passing St. Louis at night; stealing mushmelons and chickens
  • Stealing Chickens (vs. conventional morality) (75-76) How do Jim and Huck come to moral terms with stealing from the farms along the river bank? Is right and wrong as simple as the Widow Douglas would have it?
  • The Wrecked Steamboat Walter Scott (76-81): What is happening on it? What kind of folk do they run into every time the raft brushes up against civilization? How do Huck and Jim escape? Why does Huck decide to save the rapscallions on the boat? (81) Twain's point?
  • Huck's Orphan Story #2: about pap and mam and sis and Miss Hooker stranded on the Walter Scott.
  • Huck and Jim on King Sollermun and 'dat chile dat he 'uz gwyne to chop in two' (87) What is the point of this Bible story? What is Jim's interpretation of it? Why does Twain include this story at this moment in Huck's development?
  • What is Jim's problem with "Polly-voo-franzy"? (89-90) (Isn't it strange that a Duke and Dauphin will join Huck and Jim on the raft a little farther dowriver? What is Twain up to?)

Homework:






01/ 

08

Day 5

Fri.





Caleb Bingham, Flatboatmen on the Mississippi  (1857)






Outline:
  • What is Huck's Situation at the beginning of the action?
  • What is the relation between Huck's situation and America's situation in 1876?
  • The Action: What does Huck need? What psychological obstacles stand in his way? How can they be overcome?
  • What role does 'the Big River' play in Huckleberry Finn and in American history?
  • Huck and Jim on Jackson Island: How does Twain present the beginning of Huck's transformation?
  • Huck and Jim on the Big River
  • The Fog: To Cairo and Beyond: What obstacle prevents Huck and Jim from coming together?

Jim and Huck on the Big River

  • Life on the River (75): Passing St. Louis at night; stealing mushmelons and chickens
  • Stealing Chickens (vs. conventional morality) (75-76) How do Jim and Huck come to moral terms with stealing from the farms along the river bank? Is right and wrong as simple as the Widow Douglas would have it?
  • The Wrecked Steamboat Walter Scott (76-81): What is happening on it? What kind of folk do they run into every time the raft brushes up against civilization? How do Huck and Jim escape? Why does Huck decide to save the rapscallions on the boat? (81) Twain's point?
  • Huck's Orphan Story #2: about pap and mam and sis and Miss Hooker stranded on the Walter Scott.
  • Huck and Jim on King Sollermun and 'dat chile dat he 'uz gwyne to chop in two' (87) What is the point of this Bible story? What is Jim's interpretation of it? Why does Twain include this story at this moment in Huck's development?
  • What is Jim's problem with "Polly-voo-franzy"? (89-90) (Isn't it strange that a Duke and Dauphin will join Huck and Jim on the raft a little farther dowriver? What is Twain up to?)

To Cairo and Beyond
(Huck's Crisis: Fog and Lies) (How long can this friendship last?)
Homework:
01/

11

Day 6

Mon.





Slave vs. Free States in 1860


Mid-Year Exam 2015-16  (Exam Schedule

Outline:
  • What is Huck's Situation at the beginning of the action?
  • What is the relation between Huck's situation and America's situation in 1876?
  • The Action: What does Huck need? What psychological obstacles stand in his way? How can they be overcome?
  • What role does 'the Big River' play in Huckleberry Finn and in American history?
  • Huck and Jim on Jackson Island: How does Twain present the beginning of Huck's transformation?
  • The Fog: To Cairo and Beyond: What obstacle prevents Huck and Jim from coming together?
  • Huck and Jim on the Big River
  • Huck and Jim Drift South

To Cairo and Beyond (Huck's Crisis: Fog and Lies) (How long can this friendship last?)

Huck and Jim on the Big River (135-137) 


Homework:

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885) Mark Twain,


For further reading:
  • Why We Don't Read Chapters Thirty-Four to Forty-One: "Mark Twain vs. Tom Sawyer" by Nick Gillespie in Reason Online (Feb 2006)





01/

12

Day 7

Tues.







01/

13

Day 8

Wed.

Review Day







Mid-Year Exam 2015-16  (Exam Schedule

Huck Finn Review:

Outline:
  • What is Huck's Situation at the beginning of the action?
  • What is the relation between Huck's situation and America's situation in 1876?
  • The Action: What does Huck need? What psychological obstacles stand in his way? How can they be overcome?
  • What role does 'the Big River' play in Huckleberry Finn and in American history?
  • Huck and Jim on Jackson Island: How does Twain present the beginning of Huck's transformation?
  • The Fog: To Cairo and Beyond: What obstacle prevents Huck and Jim from coming together?
  • Huck and Jim on the Big River
    • Twain's Hopeful Vision of America's Future
  • Huck and Jim Drift South 
    • The Feud Between the Grangerfords and the Shepherdsons
    • Scamming withThe Duke and the Dauphin

Huck and Jim Drift South:

What vision of America emerges as Huck and Jim drift South? What is at the root of America's problems according to Twain? How can they be overcome? Is a happy ending possible?

The Feud Between the Grangerfords and Shepherdsons:


Scamming America with The Duke and
The Dauphin:
Criticism:

Homework:

01/

14

Day 9

Thurs.







01/
15
Day 10
Fri.
READING DAY




01/
18
Day 0
Mon.
M.L. KING DAY
01/ 19

Day 1

Tues.

EXAMS

01/

20

Day 2

Wed.

EXAMS

01/

21

Day 3

Thurs.

EXAMS

01/22Day 4
Fri.EXAMS





01/ 25Day 5Mon.EXAM MAKE-UP DAY





01/26Day 6Tues.SECOND SEMESTER BEGINS