Sipuel v. Oklahoma State Board of Regents  (1947)
- Faced with the recent Gaines precedent and an order to provide Ada Sipuel with a legal education ‘as soon as it does’ for white students, university officials roped off a section of the state capital and called it a law school even though the pretend school had no library and no faculty of its own. (Irons 56)
- Marshall sought for the first time to take on the whole separate but equal doctrine: 
“Equality, even if the term be limited to comparison of physical facilities, is and can never be achieved… there can be no separate equality.”

- “Exclusion of any one group on the basis of race automatically imputes a badge of inferiority to the excluded group.”
- The District Court ruled 

o Oklahoma had satisfied the separate but equal test by creating a law school for blacks, 
o but later, after the Presidential election returned Truman to the White House, they backed down and admitted Sipuel to the school.