- 19th c. Isms (1848- 1900)

 

 


 



Eiffel Tower,  Paris, 1889


Millet, The Gleaners  (1857)


Millais, Ophelia, oil on canvas, 1851-52 This work at the Tate Museum (interactive)


Monet,  Saint-Lazare Station (1877) (Smarthistory)


Monet, La cathedrale de Rouen,(See the whole Cathedral Series) (1893)


Daumier,  The Third ClassCarriage  (1863)


Frith, The Railway Station  (1862)


Daumier, The Uprising
  (1860)


Manet, A Bar at the
Folies-Bergeres
(1881-82)


Seurat,  A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte 1884-86


Van Gogh, Potato Eaters (1885)


Gaughin
Where do we come from? Where are we? Where are we going? (1897)


Van Gogh, The Sower (1888)


Daumier, The Burden (1853)


Toulouse-Lautrec, "At the Moulin Rouge" (1891)


Van Gogh, Wheatfield with Crows (1890)

Key Questions

 


 

  • How did the French Revolution influence the development of 19th century 'isms'?
  • In what ways were 19th century ‘isms’ a response to the philosophical problems and issues arising from the development of scientific rationalism as both the ideas of the Enlightenment and the Romantic movement spread through European society?
  • Why was Romantic music so powerful throughout the 19th century?  What are its connections to 19th century ‘isms’?
  • To what degree did artistic movements react to, embody or influence the various socio-political theories in the 19th century?
  • To what degree were 19th century ‘isms’ either a refinement of previous philosophies or brand new avenues of thought?

19th c. Isms Political, Social, Economic, Intellectual, Religious

19th c. Isms Art:

19th c. Isms Literature:

19th c. Isms Music:

Primary Sources:

Primary Sources:

Primary Sources:

Primary Sources:

1848 Revolutions:


Liberalism:

Conservatism:


Marxism:


Anarchism:


Darwinism:

Irrationalism:

Nationalism:


The Crystal Palace and the 1851 Exhibition


Van Gogh,
The Starry Night (1889)



 Rodin,, The Thinker (1880)


Cézanne, Still Life with Apples 1895-98
(Smarthistory Essay)

Leighton, Lachymae (1895)


Gerome, The Snakecharmer (1888)

Nationalism:


Impressionism:


Neo-Classicism:



  • 444 The Royal Geographical Society: science and dreams 
  • 1273 Some surprises in the 1852 Annual of Scientific Discovery
  • 646 Babbage, Ada, and Babbage's 19th century computer legacy 
  • 654 X-rays promise infinite possibility in 1896
  • 905 In which Maxwell discovers what Faraday had seen
  • 1067 John Tyndall's reflections on science and religion 
  • 1083 Pierre Lallement, one of many who invented the bicycle
  • 1210 In which Louis Pasteur puts medicine on a war footing
  • 1490 Germs, John Snow, and the Broad Street Well
  • 1286 A steam-powered motorcycle, invented well before its time
  • 1323 Fleming, the light bulb, and the vacuum tube
  • 1330 Electric lights in the 80 years before Edison
  • 2248 Arc lights, glow lamps, incandescant bulbs -- Edison's in there somewhere 
  • 2299 1873: A snapshot view of dazzling technological change
  • 1336 In which Diesel engines violate their own metaphor 
  • 1435 Rudolf Diesel, his engine, and a look at invention
  • 1341 A view of physiology in 1872 -- not that long ago
  • 1366 Rain, Steam, and Speed: Turner's vision of modern times
    1369 Fokker and the machine gun interrupter mechanism
  • 1426 The skyscraper: a Phoenix out of the great Chicago Fire
  • 1488 John, Washington, & Emily Roebling, and the Brooklyn Bridge
  • 1468 The evolution of the bicycle 
  • 1484 Georg Cantor, the man who counted beyond infinity 
  • 1476 In which Josephine Cochrane invents the dishwasher
  • 1627 A shocking look at medications in 1892 shows us how far we've come
  • 1649 Reginald Fessenden endows radio with sound
  • 1858 Josef Loschmidt, invisible cornerstone of 19th-C science 
  • 1845 Willam Huggins: Spectroscopy and passionate detachment
  • 1966 Cleansing the sewers of Paris of sedition, filth -- and romance 
  • 1968 Vignettes from the 1893 Chicago Columbian Exposition: America in transition

 19th c. Isms Political, Social, Economic, Intellectual, Religious

 19th c. Isms Art:

19th c. Isms Literature:

19th c. Isms Music:

Secondary Sources:

Secondary Sources:

Secondary Sources:

·         Secondary Sources:


1848 Revolutions:

1871 Paris Commune:


English Working Class Activism:

 

Liberalism:

Socialism:

Anarchism:


Darwinism:


Nationalism:

Interesting Sites:



Orientalism:


  • 1158 The Crystal Palace, the 1851 exhibition, and Victorian art
  • 1481 A revealing view of photography's early days
  • 1690 The Arts and Crafts Movemnt reflected in a book for young people
  • 1735 Mousetraps, paperclips, the Arts and Crafts movement, and invention
  • 1706 The Two Eiffel Towers
  • 1826 Of steel and art: Eccentric circular turning
  • 2523 Georges-Eugène Haussmann Reshapes Paris




19th c. Isms Political, Social, Economic, Intellectual Religious

19th c. Isms Art:

19th c. Isms Literature:

19th c. Isms Music:

  • 1154 In which Adam's navel poses the question of pre-creation history




Lesson Plans and Presentations:

Lesson Plans and Presentations:

Lesson Plans and Presentations:

Lesson Plans and Presentations: